I know from my own experience that even a child can populate an aquarium and monitor it, the main thing is to know the basic rules and choose the right inhabitants. For those who are going to start a reservoir or want to add new fish, I will tell you which ones are better to choose and what they will need.
We selected the fish according to several criteria. To observe interesting intraspecific behavior, a mono aquarium was launch, for example, with barbs alone. To get unusual hydration, they brought in axolotls, newts, and crayfish. When they wanted to try their hand for the first time, they selected the easiest fish to keep.
In this article, I tried to explain all the information before buying their first aquarium.
Prepare the aquarium for settling
It is necessary to let the aquarium “mature”. I am not a supporter of a quick launch of the inhabitants, and I believe that between the design of the aquarium with the connection of equipment and the launch of the first fish, 14-20 days should pass – this is necessary to create the correct biological environment.
Before buying, it is important to read about the selected inhabitants of the aquarium – not all of them get along with each other. It is important to choose fish with a similar diet and keeping parameters – temperature, pH, KH, and GH of water.
It is better to run the inhabitants of 3-5 individuals every 2-3 weeks – this way you can reduce the load on the biological system of the aquarium and protect from the death of fish due to an excess of harmful substances.
After returning home, you need to open the bag with the fish and bend the edges, lower the bag into the aquarium and gradually add water to it – this will equalize the temperature and parameters, and the fish will have much less stress from relocation.
Choose healthy fish at the pet store
It is important to know the external signs of healthy fish, which will help you, choose them in the store.
A healthy fish has no wounds, white dots, and areas with a faded color on the body. All scales are in place, with no bare skin areas. The eyes are healthy, without clouding or swelling, fins – with an even edge.
The fish should well feed, and its abdomen should not be swollen or sunken. It is important that the behavior is natural, not passive.
Choose small and friendly schooling fish
Reaches a size of 5 cm. You can populate a flock of 6-8 restless individuals and watch them chase each other around the aquarium. A zebrafish glofish (GloFish) will look great in the children’s room – they glow under the lamps with a blue spectrum.
Grow up to 4 cm. Brightly colored fish will complement the “population” of any aquarium. Under the rays of aquarium lamps (the aquarium should not be placed in direct sunlight), they shimmer with shades of orange. Rasbora is schooling inhabitants: you can take 6-10 individuals and watch them frolic in the thickets of plants.
Reaches a size of 5 cm. It is an interesting fish in behavior, which lives well in flocks of 5-7 individuals. Unlike other types of barbs, cherry barbs behave decently in multi-species aquariums – they do not tend to bite the fins of a zebrafish or gnaw off whiskers from gourami. Other barb species are more aggressive, so I do not suggest that beginners keep them in a multispecies aquarium.
Grows up to a maximum of 4 cm and is suitable for novice aquarists. These brilliant fish have long been appreciating for their unusual color, peaceful disposition, and activity. They say that neons glow in the dark. Indeed, when the lighting is off and with a source of diffused light – a lantern on the street, light from the corridor – the fish shimmer in the twilight.
Get a goldfish if you’re willing to follow the rules
Despite a number of requirements for living conditions and microclimate features, it is possible for the owner of his first aquarium to grow goldfish with the right content.
Any goldfish in the distant past is a goldfish. For those who really want to acquire such a breed, it is better to choose a comet or a shubunkin – they were least of all subject to selection, so it is quite easy to care for them.
Goldfish love space for two individuals you need an aquarium of 100-120 liters and an external filter. It is difficult to find neighbors for these inhabitants. You can try launching a flock of 10 neons, but they do better in an aquarium with plants that cannot be preserved with goldfish plant foods are part of their diet. I do not recommend planting Ancistrus – at night it can stick to the body of a goldfish and chew a little scales.
Be careful about viviparous fish
Guppies, platies, mollies, and swordtails are peaceful schooling fish that breed easily in a home aquarium. That is why I have excluded them from my selection of fish for inexperienced aquarists. Uncontrolled reproduction increases the load on the biological system of the aquarium – more inhabitants, more food, and more pollution. If you really like these inhabitants, take individuals of the same sex – either males or females.
Take care of the aquarium
You need to check the equipment daily, inspect fish and plants, feed the inhabitants, and clean the walls of the aquarium.
Test the water weekly for the main indicators: pH, KH, GH, NO2, NO3, change the water to pure water by 30% and clean the soil with a siphon. The filter sponges must be wash with the water drained from the aquarium.
Once every 4-6 months, rinse the fillers of the external filter and cut the plants, carry out deep cleaning of the soil by immersing the siphon flask 1-2 cm into the gravel.