Aquarium plants on the surface of the water are one of the types of vegetation in an aquarium. How to deal with them? What keeps them “on top”? Are they need in an aquarium? Very often, amateur aquarists ask themselves: why are plants needed in an aquarium? Can you do without them? After all, living creatures are real chores. Do newbies need additional worries?
Is it possible to do with artificial plants or even without greenery in the aquarium? By the way, in this regard, the simplest option for beginners seems to be plants “without roots”, that is, those that float on the surface of the water. It is them that many beginners prefer to “prescribe” at home when starting an aquarium.
In fact, the plants in the aquarium have an important mission. It is concluded, first, in gas exchange, which is so necessary for the plants and fish themselves, as well as in biological balance. Just like on land, plants in an aquarium are dedicated to releasing oxygen. In addition, absorb carbon dioxide. This function cannot be take away or added from them, and no equipment can do this better than a green underwater garden. Green spaces also work in the area of absorbing organic and inorganic compounds that appear in the aquarium as a result of the vital activity of its inhabitants, as well as due to the fact that food debris that has not eaten the fish decomposes.
- A little about surface plants
Many people will be the first to remember the duckweed, the bog flower, so familiar to us from natural sources. They are sometimes confused by “teapots” with algae. Scientifically speaking, the group of plants that grow on the surface of the aquarium includes many species from the Pontederia family, as well as Salviniaceae. What characterizes these plant species? In addition, the fact that they have some structural features that provide them with a comfortable stay in an aquarium without soil
- How to provide conditions for aquarium plants on the surface
The first and foremost condition for these plants in the aquarium is light. Give these plants adequate lighting so as not to slow down the processes of photosynthesis. Of course, this source should not be located on the side, but exactly above the plant. Fish, moreover, will need good lighting,, to which, due to the upper “carpet”, the light will get worse. In general, each type of aquarium plant has its own care preferences.
- What good will plants floating on the water bring?
In an aquarium, plants near the surface of the water can be both harmful and beneficial. However, let us start with the good. First, these plant species assimilate better. They quickly absorb and recycle waste products that appear in the aquarium from aquarium fish, turtles, newts, shrimps and other aquarium inhabitants. Thus, the water in the aquarium is keep clean and tidy. Secondly, most representatives of aquarium plants floating on the water reproduce very quickly. True, it is good or time-consuming; it’s up to you to decide. Many labyrinth fishsimply require the presence of such plants in the aquarium. For them, these are kind of building materials, from which they then make a nest. Others use the roots of these species in order to make it easier to spawn. For example, you can plant an aquarium plant that floats on the surface in a gouram aquarium
- This insidious duckweed
Duckweed looks very nice on the surface of the aquarium, however, in the water column, it remains unnoticed. She creates a kind of green specks here and there. Then – and this happens very soon – it simply fills the entire surface of the aquarium, preventing other inhabitants from accessing the light. It becomes dark in the aquarium, since this veil of light emanating from the lamp does not reach not only the bottom, but also even the uppermost layers of the water column. This is no good for aquarium fish. True, shrimp will definitely be delighted with this, especially their little children.
- Types of duckweed
Lesser duckweed can seen in many duckweed aquariums. This is one of the most popular types of this aquarium plant. She has yellow-green leaves, usually reaching from 3 millimeters to 4 and a half. Whole groups of roots from each leaf branch off at the multi-root duckweed. The name speaks for itself. Thanks to this nuance, the multi-rooted duckweed has large round leaves reaching 6 millimeters. On the reverse side, the leaves have a purple tint.
- Do you need duckweed in an aquarium?
In general, duckweed is hardly worth planting in an aquarium, since then you will have to fight with it. It is especially difficult to control its presence if there are shrimp in the aquarium. The shrimps, of course, will thank you for the shelter and their favorite duckweed roots, but it will not be possible to simply rake some of the duckweed (or all) and throw it away.
The shrimp cling very strongly to the duckweed, so then you have to tinker with it so that, together with the plant, you do not get rid of part of the shrimp population of the aquarium. If, nevertheless, you took up this business, namely, you put the duckweed in the aquarium for joy, and she took and filled its entire surface in an instant, then you need to do this. Catch the duckweed in a jar and shake, and then select the shrimp and … chat again. This procedure should be repeated as many times as necessary to gain confidence that there are finally no shrimps left in the duckweed. They hold on to the roots of duckweed with a death grip, so be patient. Ryaska, by the way, is not averse to having lunch on some types of fish, for example, lalius .
- Duckweed as food
Usually duckweed is not used to decorate aquariums, but is used more as an herbal supplement for aquarium fish that need a “green menu”. Some other aquarium plants that need shade shade sometimes duckweed. However, most often aquarists, especially beginners, do not think for a long time about whether to “settle” or “not to settle” duckweed in their aquarium.